Undergraduate Catalog

Gender Studies

Director: Deborah Heath
Administrative Coordinator: Chelsea Jackson

Lewis & Clark’s Gender Studies Program has received national recognition. Begun in 1985, the program was the first of its kind in the country. It offers an interdisciplinary minor, identifies resources, gathers information, sponsors an annual symposium, and serves as a catalyst for change that should be of equal concern to men and women.

In keeping with Lewis & Clark’s commitment to gender issues and gender balance, gender studies is integrated into the curriculum. Program faculty members are housed in departments across the campus, and students combine the minor with widely varying majors.

The Minor Program

The interdisciplinary minor in gender studies examines the relationship between gender and social inequality, explores the construction of gender and sexuality, and analyzes the variations in gender systems that have occurred across cultures and over time. It illuminates the images of femininity and masculinity that shape cultural representations and explores gender through artistic expression. Courses take gender as a subject of focus and investigate how gender interacts with race, class, and culture. Lewis & Clark’s internationalized curriculum and overseas study programs make it possible for students to examine the intersections of gender, race, and class in a variety of cultures. Finally, the minor engages students in the political and philosophical exploration of strategies for transforming coercive and unequal gender systems and enhancing individual choice and our common humanity.

Minor Requirements

A minimum of 24 semester credits, distributed as follows:

  • GEND 200 Genders and Sexualities in U.S. Society

  • GEND 300 Gender and Aesthetic Expression

  • GEND 440 Feminist Theory

  • GEND 231 Genders and Sexualities in Global Perspective or an approved alternative chosen from the following courses:

    HIST 231AU.S. Women's History, 1600 to 1980
    RELS 340Gender in American Religious History
    SOAN 261Gender and Sexuality in Latin America
    SOAN 266Social Change in Latin America
    SOAN 285Culture and Power in the Middle East
  • Eight additional semester credits selected from the following list of approved electives. 
CLAS 324Roman Women
ENG 100Introductory Topics in Literature (when topic is Jane Austen or otherwise related)
ENG 240The Brontës: Legends and Legacies
ENG 314The Romantics
ENG 315The Victorians: Heroes, Decadents, and Madwomen
ENG 333Major Figures (when the topic is Joyce/Woolf)
ENG 450Senior Seminar (when the topic is Emily Dickinson)
FREN 330Francophone Literature
FREN 350Topics in French and Francophone Literature (when the topic is gender and identity in 19th-century France)
Gender Studies
GEND 345Gender Studies Symposium Chair
GEND 445Gender in the City Internship
GERM 230German Literature in Translation (when topic is related)
HIST 231AU.S. Women's History, 1600 to 1980
HIST 240Race and Ethnicity in the United States
HIST 331American Culture and Society: 1880 to 1980
HIST 345Race and Nation in Latin America
Overseas Programs
IS 217Gender and Society in Morocco
Political Science
POLS 275Gender and Politics
PSY 230Infant and Child Development
PSY 260Social Psychology
PSY 360Psychology of Gender
Religious Studies
RELS 340Gender in American Religious History
RELS 356Buddhism and Gender
RELS 357Family, Gender, and Religion: Ethnographic Approaches
Rhetoric and Media Studies
RHMS 332Rhetoric of Gender in Relationships
RHMS 352Gender in Public Rhetoric and Media
RHMS 406Race, Rhetoric, and Resistance
RHMS 431Feminist Discourse Analysis
Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 225Race and Ethnicity in Global Perspective
SOAN 255Medicine, Healing, and Culture
SOAN 261Gender and Sexuality in Latin America
SOAN 266Social Change in Latin America
SOAN 285Culture and Power in the Middle East
SOAN 324Anthropology of Violence
SOAN 334Anthropology of Suffering
SOAN 390Cyborg Anthropology
SOAN 395Anthropology of the Body
TH 106Fundamentals of Movement

At least 16 semester credits must be exclusive to the minor (may not be used in any other set of major or minor requirements). In addition, at least four of the courses for the minor must be taken at Lewis & Clark. No more than four semester credits of internship (courses numbered 244 or 444) may be applied to the minor.


Katharina Altpeter-Jones. Associate professor of German. German, medieval and early modern German literature, women writers. PhD 2003 Duke University. MA 1995 Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universität, Würzburg, Germany.

Therese Augst. Associate professor of German. German, German literature and culture of the 18th through 20th centuries, intellectual history, critical theory. PhD 1997, MA 1992 University of California at Santa Barbara. BA 1989 University of California at Davis.

Eleonora Maria Beck. James W. Rogers Professor of Music, director of Core Curriculum. Medieval and Renaissance music history; contemporary American, popular, and women's music. PhD 1993, MPhil 1991, MA 1989 Columbia University. BA 1983 Barnard College.

Andrew Bernstein. Associate professor of history, chair of the Department of History. Japanese history. PhD 1999, MPhil 1996, MA 1994 Columbia University. BA 1990 Amherst College.

Philippe Brand. Assistant professor of French. French, 19th-, 20th-, and 21st-century French and Francophone literature and culture. PhD 2011, MA 2006, BA 1998 University of Colorado at Boulder.

Kimberly Brodkin. Associate professor with term of gender studies and ethnic studies. Gender and politics in the U.S. PhD 2001 Rutgers University. BA 1992 University of Pennsylvania.

David A. Campion. Dr. Robert B. Pamplin Jr. Associate Professor of History. British and South Asian history. PhD 2002, MA 1997 University of Virginia. BA 1991 Georgetown University.

Mary Clare. Graduate professor of counseling psychology.

Rachel Cole. Associate professor of English, chair of the Department of English. 19th-century American literature. PhD 2005, MA 2000 Johns Hopkins University. BA 1994 Williams College.

Janet E. Davidson. Associate professor of psychology, director of academic advising. Infant and child development, developmental psychopathology, internships. PhD 1989, MPhil 1987, MS 1985 Yale University. BS 1975 University of Washington.

Isabelle DeMarte. Associate professor of French. French, 17th- and 18th-century French literature. PhD 1999, MA 1993 Michigan State University. MA 1992 Université Blaise Pascal. BA 1990 Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle.

Jerusha Detweiler-Bedell. Professor of psychology. Clinical and community psychology, health psychology, psychology of gender, internships. PhD 2001, MPhil 1998, MS 1997 Yale University. MA 1995, BA 1995 Stanford University.

Kurt Fosso. Professor of English. British romantic literature, critical theory, classical backgrounds. PhD 1993, MA 1988 University of California at Irvine. BA 1987 University of Washington.

John M. Fritzman. Associate professor of philosophy. 19th- and 20th-century continental philosophy, ethics, feminist theory, social and political philosophy. PhD 1991 Purdue University. BA 1977 Eastern Mennonite University.

Susan Glosser. Associate professor of history, director of the Asian Studies Program. Chinese history. PhD 1995 University of California at Berkeley. MA 1985, BA 1983 State University of New York at Binghamton.

Robert Goldman. Professor of sociology. Social theory, cultural studies (advertising, news, television), production and consumption, class relations, modernity, postmodernity. PhD 1977, MA 1973 Duke University. BA 1971 University of Texas.

Daena J. Goldsmith. Professor of rhetoric and media studies. Social media, health commuication, gender,. PhD 1990, MA 1988 University of Washington. BS 1986 Lewis & Clark College.

Karen Gross. Associate professor of English. Medieval literature, classical backgrounds. PhD 2005, MA 1999 Stanford University. MPhil 1998 University of Cambridge. BA 1997 University of Southern California.

Deborah Heath. Associate professor of anthropology, director of the Gender Studies Program. Anthropology of science, technology, and medicine; anthropology of the body; cultural and critical theory; visual and narrative representation. PhD Johns Hopkins University. MA University of Minnesota at Minneapolis–St. Paul. BA Reed College.

Andrea Hibbard. Assistant professor with term of English. Victorian literature and culture, law and literature, women's studies. PhD 2000 University of Virginia. MA 1991 Georgetown University. BA 1986 Pomona College.

Reiko Hillyer. Assistant professor of history. U.S. South, African American history, history of the built. PhD 2006, MPhil 2001, MA 1999 Columbia University. BA 1991 Yale University.

Jane H. Hunter. Professor of history. U.S. history, post-Civil War, women's history. PhD 1981, MA 1975, BA 1971 Yale University.

Oren Kosansky. Associate professor of anthropology, program director of Middle East/North Africa Studies. Political economy of religious experience, postcolonial nationalism and diaspora, textual culture, Morocco. PhD 2003, MA 1994 University of Michigan. MAT 1990 Binghamton University. BA 1988 Brown University.

Jennifer LaBounty. Associate professor of psychology, chair of the Department of Psychology. Child, adolescent, and adult development; methodology; internships. PhD 2008, MA 2005 University of Michigan. BS 2001 University of Oregon.

Diana J. Leonard. Assistant professor of psychology. Identity, social judgments, and categorization. PhD 2012 University of California at Santa Barbara. BA 2004 Northwestern University.

Rebecca Lingafelter. Associate professor of theatre. Acting, voice, movement, devising, contemporary performance, modern American drama, ancient and Medieval performance. MFA 2005 Columbia University. BA 2000 University of California, San Diego.

Susanna Morrill. Associate professor of religion. Religion in America. PhD 2002, MA 1993 University of Chicago. BA 1989 Bryn Mawr College.

Claudia Nadine. Associate professor with term of French. 19th-century French literature. PhD 1994, MA 1987, BA 1984, BS 1983 University of California at Irvine. AA 1980 Stephens College.

Dawn Odell. Associate professor of art history. Early modern East Asian and European art history. PhD 2003 University of Chicago. MA 1992 Harvard University. BA 1986 Carleton College.

Tatiana Osipovich. Associate professor emerita of Russian. Russian literature, language, culture. PhD University of Pittsburgh.

Paul R. Powers. Associate professor of religious studies. Islamic studies. PhD 2001, MA 1992 University of Chicago Divinity School. BA 1990 Carleton College.

Will Pritchard. Associate professor of English. Restoration and 18th-century literature. PhD 1998, MA 1992 University of Chicago. BA 1986 Yale University.

Bruce Suttmeier. Interim dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, associate professor of Japanese. Japanese language, contemporary Japanese literature. PhD 2002, AM 1994 Stanford University. BS 1991 University of Rochester.

Mary Szybist. Morgan S. Odell Professor of Humanities. Modern poetry, poetry writing. MFA 1996 University of Iowa, MT 1994. BA 1992 University of Virginia.

Cara Tomlinson. Associate professor of art. Painting. MFA 1993 University of Oregon. BA 1986 Bennington College.

Sarah D. Warren. Associate professor of sociology. Race and ethnicity, social movements, nations and nationalism, gender, Latin America. PhD 2010 University of Wisconsin at Madison. MA 2004 University of Texas at Austin. BA 2001 University of Arizona.

Benjamin W. Westervelt. Associate professor of history. Medieval and early modern European history. PhD 1993 Harvard University. MTS 1985 Harvard Divinity School. BA 1982 Brandeis University.

Elliott Young. Professor of history. Latin American and U.S.-Mexico Borderlands history. PhD 1997, MA 1993 University of Texas at Austin. BA 1989 Princeton University.

Rishona Zimring. Professor of English. Modern British literature, postcolonial literature. PhD 1993, BA 1985 Yale University.


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GEND 200 Genders and Sexualities in U.S. Society

Content: Interdisciplinary exploration of gender and sexuality in connection with race, class, and ethnicity in the United States. Investigation of social and cultural ideas about difference and equality in the past and present. Materials include literature, film, memoir, poetry, feminist philosophy, political tracts, and queer theory, as well as classic and recent scholarly work in history, sociology, economics, communication, psychology, and other fields. Topics may include mass media and consumer culture, work, law and social policy, family, political activism and social movements, sexuality and the body, public health, medical research, violence, and theories of privilege and oppression.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GEND 231 Genders and Sexualities in Global Perspective

Content: Gender as it has been socially, culturally, and historically constituted in different times and places. Theoretical developments in the anthropology of gender. Cross-cultural exploration using examples from a wide range of societies, past and present. The relationship between cultural definitions of gender and the social experience of women, men, and alternative gender roles, such as the Native American two-spirits, the hijra of India, and global perspectives on contemporary transgender experiences.
Prerequisites: SOAN 100, SOAN 110, or sophomore standing.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GEND 299 Independent Study

Content: Independent study topic to be arranged with instructor.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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GEND 300 Gender and Aesthetic Expression

Content: An exploration of ways gender informs the theory, history, and creation of literature and art. The role gender norms and constructs play in establishing, reproducing, or contesting aesthetic values, traditions, and hierarchies; feminist perspectives on subjects such as the gaze, the self-portrait, autobiography, and costume; gender and its relationship to theories of beauty, taste, and the body. Materials may be drawn from literature, art, film, cultural studies, art history, theatre, dance, and queer studies. Emphasis on an interdisciplinary topic to be chosen by the professor. Recent topics have included 20th-century experimentation in novels, films, and photography; the Victorian crisis in gender roles from the sensation heroine and Pre-Raphaelitism to the dandy; gender and self as artistic and theoretical constructs from the Enlightenment to the present.
Prerequisites: One course in humanities or arts.
Restrictions: Junior standing required.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GEND 345 Gender Studies Symposium Chair

Content: Student chairs perform substantive analytic work related to this interdisciplinary field of study, conducting extensive research to explore speakers, develop panels, identify important issues, and develop the program of events. Working closely with each other, the planning committee, and the faculty director, chairs also develop leadership and professional responsibilities. Preference given to minors in Gender Studies, but students with relevant coursework or other experience will be considered. Spring registration limited to those students who have completed GEND 345 in the fall of the same academic year.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Junior standing. Requires permission of instructor after completion of application and interview.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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GEND 440 Feminist Theory

Content: Philosophical and political analysis of issues in feminist theory. Discussion of recent theoretical work (e.g., Butler, Mitchell) in relation to past feminist thinking (e.g., Wollstonecraft, Gilman, deBeauvoir). A problem-oriented approach that explores feminist theorizing about such topics as sex, gender, race, power, oppression, identity, class, difference.
Prerequisites: One course in gender studies.
Restrictions: Junior standing required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GEND 444 Practicum

Content: Development and execution of extensive projects relating to gender issues in organizational settings. Placement in community-based social and educational agencies concerned with gender-related problems, such as employment discrimination, rape, sexual harassment and abuse, reproductive rights, freedom of sexual identity, the law and public policy, political organization. Credit-no credit. May be repeated, but no more that 4 credits of GEND 444 or GEND 445 may be applied to the minor.
Prerequisites: One Gender Studies course.
Restrictions: Declared Gender Studies minor. Sophomore standing and consent of program director and faculty sponsor required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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GEND 445 Gender in the City Internship

Content: Community-based participant observation, exploring gender issues in human services or advocacy organizations through a supervised internship. Theoretical and methodological frameworks for participatory action research are explored through readings, class discussion, and writing assignments. May be repeated, but no more than 4 credits of GEND 444 or GEND 445 may be applied to the minor.
Prerequisites: Two Gender Studies courses.
Restrictions: Junior standing required.
Usually offered: Every third year, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GEND 499 Independent Study

Content: Independent, student-designed research project supervised by a faculty member with expertise in the topic or methodology of the project. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Declared Gender Studies minor. Junior standing and consent of program director and faculty sponsor required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.