Undergraduate Catalog

World Languages and Literatures

Chair: Molly Robinson Kelly
Administrative Coordinator: Maarit Reed

Consistent with the international orientation of Lewis & Clark, the Department of World Languages and Literatures offers students a program of language, literature, literature in translation, and overseas study. Students learn to communicate in a language other than English, to think and read critically, and to understand values, beliefs, and cultural patterns that are different from their own. Recognizing the importance of learning the language in an environment where it is spoken, the department requires overseas study of its majors.

Our overseas studies programs support and enhance our majors, minors, and the liberal arts mission of the college, offering students the possibility of studying a wider variety of subjects in their language than can be taught on campus.

Courses in nine languages, including four major and three minor programs, are available for students who wish to pursue particular career or professional objectives; to continue studies in language, linguistics, and literature in graduate school; or to obtain a broad liberal arts education. 

Special Programs

The world languages department's literature and culture programs are complemented by several interdisciplinary programs. Students of Chinese or Japanese may major or minor in Asian Studies. Students of Spanish may choose an interdisciplinary minor in Latin American Studies. Students of Greek or Latin may choose an interdisciplinary major or minor in Classics.

Resources for Nonmajors

Students who have had no language training should begin their choice of new language at the 101 level. Others who have had experience with a language other than English, and who wish to continue their studies in that language, must take a placement examination before beginning language study at Lewis & Clark. Anyone with adequate background may take any and all courses offered in that language. The department offers a linguistics course and literature courses in English translation.

The Major Programs

The department offers four major programs: French studies, German studies, Hispanic studies, and world languages. Minors are offered in Chinese, Japanese, and Russian, as well as French studies. Majors are encouraged to combine their knowledge of the language and literature of an area of the world with fields such as American and English literature, anthropology, art, communication, economics, history, international affairs, and sociology. Students should declare a major at the latest by the end of the sophomore year, at which time they choose a departmental advisor. Majors are encouraged to select an advisor as soon as possible since their major program, which includes overseas study, will require careful planning. Students who double-major select advisors in both departments. Faculty advisors provide counsel on course selection; major, minor, and general graduation requirements; international programs; careers; graduate study; and teaching assistantships. The department holds group meetings for majors at the beginning of each school year and as needed during the year.

Major Requirements: French, German, or Hispanic Studies

These majors provide courses in language, literature, and culture to prepare students for graduate study and for careers in teaching, bilingual education, translating and interpreting, or other areas in which world language skills are applied.

French Studies

A minimum of 36 semester credits (nine courses) beyond FREN 202 Intermediate French II: Reading in Cultural Context, distributed as follows:

  • FREN 301 French Composition and Conversation (or equivalent from overseas study)

  • FREN 321 Introduction to French Literary Studies (or equivalent from overseas study)

  • FREN 410 Major Periods in French Literature

  • FREN 450 Special Topics

  • Five elective courses from on-campus or overseas offerings. The three on-campus offerings are the following:

    FREN 330Francophone Literature
    FREN 340French Literature and Society
    FREN 350Topics in French and Francophone Literature
  • At least one semester in the Strasbourg, France, or Dakar, Senegal, programs. A full year of overseas study is strongly recommended. Students participating in a one-semester overseas program are advised to take FREN 321 Introduction to French Literary Studies on campus.

  • A senior oral proficiency evaluation.

Courses taken on campus on a credit-no credit basis cannot normally be counted toward the major.

German Studies

A minimum of 36 semester credits (nine courses) beyond GERM 202 Intermediate German II, distributed as follows:

  • GERM 301 German Composition and Conversation

  • GERM 321 Introduction to Literary Studies

  • GERM 410 Major Periods in German Literature From the Beginning to Enlightenment

  • GERM 411 Major Periods of German Literature From the Enlightenment to the Present (available in Munich only)

  • GERM 422 German Culture and Civilization (Landeskunde) (available in Munich only)

  • GERM 450 Special Topics In German (may be repeated for credit)

  • One of the following courses, or the equivalent on campus or overseas:
    HIST 120Early European History
    HIST 121Modern European History
    HIST 22620th-Century Germany
    HIST 227Medieval Europe, 800 to 1400
    HIST 323Modern European Intellectual History
  • Two elective courses to be selected from offerings on campus or overseas. Four semester credits from GERM 251 German Conversation/GERM 252 German Conversation may be used as one elective.

  • Participation in the full-year Munich program; exemption only with departmental approval.

  • A senior oral proficiency evaluation.

With the exception of GERM 251 German Conversation/GERM 252 German Conversation, courses taken on campus on a credit-no credit basis cannot be counted toward the major.

Hispanic Studies

A minimum of 36 semester credits (nine courses) beyond SPAN 202, distributed as follows:

  • SPAN 301 Spanish Composition and Conversation or SPAN 302 Spanish Composition and Conversation for Heritage Speakers

  • SPAN 321 Introduction to Literary Studies

  • SPAN 360 Latin America and Spain: Pre-Columbian to Baroque

  • SPAN 370 Latin America and Spain: Enlightenment to the Present

  • Two of the following (when topic is different):

    SPAN 440Topics in Hispanic Literatures
    SPAN 446Special Topics in Hispanic Literatures and Cultures
    SPAN 450Special Topics in Spanish
  • One course on Latin American history or politics selected from the following, or the equivalent overseas:

    HIST 141Colonial Latin American History
    HIST 142Modern Latin American History
    IA 231Latin American Politics
    LAS 200Latin American Cultural Studies (with permission)
    SPAN 260Cultural Production of the Spanish-Speaking World
  • Two additional courses selected from offerings on campus or overseas. May include a second taking of SPAN 440 Topics in Hispanic Literatures, SPAN 446 Special Topics in Hispanic Literatures and Cultures, or SPAN 450 Special Topics in Spanish, with a change of topic. 

  • At least one semester in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic; Santiago or Valparaiso, Chile; or Alicante, Spain. A full year is strongly recommended.

  • A senior oral proficiency evaluation.

Courses taken on campus on a credit-no credit basis cannot normally be counted toward the major.

Minor Requirements: French Studies

A minimum of 20 semester credits (five courses) beyond FREN 202 Intermediate French II: Reading in Cultural Context, chosen from the following:

FREN 301French Composition and Conversation
FREN 321Introduction to French Literary Studies
FREN 330Francophone Literature
FREN 340French Literature and Society
FREN 350Topics in French and Francophone Literature
FREN 410Major Periods in French Literature (requires approval)
FREN 450Special Topics (requires approval)

Students may apply 12 credits to the minor from overseas study in the Strasbourg, France, or Dakar, Senegal, programs.

Major Requirements: World Languages

This major allows students to pursue the study of any two of the following languages: Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish. The World Languages major is appropriate for students who would like to gain skills in one of the above languages and learn about its structure, in addition to acquiring knowledge of two different literary and cultural traditions. The department encourages students to combine their language skills with fields such as American and English literature, anthropology, art, communication, economics, history, international affairs, and sociology. The major requires a minimum of 16 semester credits in a primary language, 12 semester credits in a secondary language, 4 semester credits in linguistics (for a total of 32 semester credits), and one semester of overseas study, distributed as follows:

  • WLL 240 Introduction to Linguistics

  • Primary language: A minimum of 16 semester hours (four courses) beyond 202. If primary language is Chinese, Japanese, or Russian, three upper-level courses (a minimum of 12 semester credits) taught in the language, one of which must be taken on campus, and one literature in translation course. If primary language is French, German, or Spanish, four upper-level courses (a minimum of 16 semester hours) taught in the language. Select courses from the following on-campus courses or approved equivalents from an overseas program: 

    Chinese
    CHIN 310Readings and Composition in Chinese
    CHIN 320Advanced Readings in Chinese
    CHIN 410Advanced Readings in Chinese: Society and Culture
    and one of the following:
    CHIN 230Introduction to Chinese Literature in Translation
    CHIN 290Topics in Chinese Literature in Translation
    French
    FREN 301French Composition and Conversation
    FREN 321Introduction to French Literary Studies
    and two of the following:
    FREN 330Francophone Literature
    FREN 340French Literature and Society
    FREN 350Topics in French and Francophone Literature
    FREN 410Major Periods in French Literature
    FREN 450Special Topics

    At least one 300-level and at least one 400-level course must be taken on campus.

    German
    GERM 301German Composition and Conversation
    GERM 321Introduction to Literary Studies
    GERM 350Topics in German Literature and Culture
    and one of the following:
    GERM 410Major Periods in German Literature From the Beginning to Enlightenment
    GERM 450Special Topics In German

    At least one 400-level course must be taken on campus.

    Japanese
    JAPN 310Readings and Composition in Japanese
    JAPN 320Readings and Composition in Japanese II
    JAPN 410Advanced Readings in Japanese: Society and Culture
    JAPN 420Advanced Readings in Japanese: Fiction and Nonfiction
    and one of the following:
    JAPN 230Introduction to Japanese Literature in Translation
    JAPN 290Topics in Japanese Literature in Translation
    Russian
    RUSS 330Readings and Conversation in Russian
    RUSS 351Russian Composition and Conversation
    RUSS 420Advanced Readings in Russian: Fiction and Nonfiction
    and one of the following:
    RUSS 230Introduction to Russian Literature in Translation
    RUSS 290Topics in Russian Literature and Culture in Translation
    Spanish 
    SPAN 301Spanish Composition and Conversation
    SPAN 302Spanish Composition and Conversation for Heritage Speakers
    SPAN 321Introduction to Literary Studies
    and two of the following:
    SPAN 360Latin America and Spain: Pre-Columbian to Baroque
    SPAN 370Latin America and Spain: Enlightenment to the Present
    SPAN 440Topics in Hispanic Literatures
    SPAN 446Special Topics in Hispanic Literatures and Cultures
    SPAN 450Special Topics in Spanish
    At least one 300-level and at least one 400-level course must be taken on campus.
  • One semester of studying overseas in the primary language is required
  • Secondary language: A minimum of 12 semester hours (the equivalent of three courses) beyond 202, including at least one upper-level course taken on campus. Overseas study is not required for the secondary language. Select from the on-campus courses listed below or approved equivalents from an overseas program.

    Chinese

    Select three courses from the following list. Students may apply either CHIN 230 or CHIN 290 toward the requirement, but not both. CHIN 251 and CHIN 252 together satisfy the equivalent of one course.

    CHIN 230Introduction to Chinese Literature in Translation
    CHIN 251Chinese Conversation
    CHIN 252Chinese Conversation
    CHIN 290Topics in Chinese Literature in Translation
    CHIN 310Readings and Composition in Chinese
    CHIN 320Advanced Readings in Chinese
    CHIN 410Advanced Readings in Chinese: Society and Culture
     
    French

    Select three courses from the following list. FREN 261 and FREN 262 together satisfy the equivalent of one course.

    FREN 261Conversational French
    FREN 262Conversational French
    FREN 301French Composition and Conversation
    FREN 321Introduction to French Literary Studies
    FREN 330Francophone Literature (with departmental approval)
    FREN 340French Literature and Society (with departmental approval)
    FREN 350Topics in French and Francophone Literature (with departmental approval)
     
    German

    Select three courses from the following list. GERM 251 and GERM 252 together satisfy the equivalent of one course.

    GERM 230German Literature in Translation
    GERM 251German Conversation
    GERM 252German Conversation
    GERM 301German Composition and Conversation
    GERM 321Introduction to Literary Studies
    GERM 350Topics in German Literature and Culture
    GERM 410Major Periods in German Literature From the Beginning to Enlightenment (with departmental approval)
    GERM 450Special Topics In German (with departmental approval)
     
    Japanese

    Select three courses from the following list. Students may apply either JAPN 230 or JAPN 290 toward the requirement, but not both. JAPN 251 and JAPN 252 together satisfy the equivalent of one course.

    JAPN 230Introduction to Japanese Literature in Translation
    JAPN 251Japanese Conversation
    JAPN 252Japanese Conversation
    JAPN 290Topics in Japanese Literature in Translation
    JAPN 310Readings and Composition in Japanese
    JAPN 320Readings and Composition in Japanese II
    JAPN 410Advanced Readings in Japanese: Society and Culture
    JAPN 420Advanced Readings in Japanese: Fiction and Nonfiction
     
    Russian

    Select three courses from the following list. Students may apply either RUSS 230 or RUSS 290 toward the requirement, but not both. RUSS 251 and RUSS 252 together satisfy the equivalent of one course.

    RUSS 230Introduction to Russian Literature in Translation
    RUSS 251Russian Conversation
    RUSS 252Russian Conversation
    RUSS 290Topics in Russian Literature and Culture in Translation
    RUSS 330Readings and Conversation in Russian
    RUSS 351Russian Composition and Conversation
    RUSS 420Advanced Readings in Russian: Fiction and Nonfiction
     
    Spanish

    Select three courses from the following list. SPAN 251 and SPAN 252 together satisfy the equivalent of one course. SPAN 261 and SPAN 262 together satisfy the equivalent of one course. Students may apply either SPAN 251/SPAN 252 or SPAN 261/SPAN 262 toward the requirement, but not both pairs.

    SPAN 230Hispanic Literature in Translation
    SPAN 251Intermediate Conversational Spanish
    SPAN 252Intermediate Conversational Spanish
    SPAN 261Advanced Conversational Spanish
    SPAN 262Advanced Conversational Spanish
    SPAN 301Spanish Composition and Conversation
    SPAN 321Introduction to Literary Studies
    SPAN 360Latin America and Spain: Pre-Columbian to Baroque
    SPAN 370Latin America and Spain: Enlightenment to the Present

Oral proficiency evaluations are not required for the world languages major.

Minor Requirements: Chinese, Japanese, and Russian

These minors serve students who wish to learn Chinese, Japanese, or Russian language and literature as a complement to their major. They are attractive to students majoring in fields such as anthropology, art, communication, East Asian studies, economics, history, international affairs, and sociology.

Chinese Minor

A minimum of 20 semester credits (five courses) beyond CHIN 202 Intermediate Chinese II, distributed as follows:

  • CHIN 230 Introduction to Chinese Literature in Translation or CHIN 290 Topics in Chinese Literature in Translation

  • A minimum of 16 credits from the following on-campus courses or approved equivalents from an overseas program:

    CHIN 251Chinese Conversation (if two conversation courses are taken)
    CHIN 252Chinese Conversation (if two conversation courses are taken)
    CHIN 310Readings and Composition in Chinese
    CHIN 320Advanced Readings in Chinese
    CHIN 410Advanced Readings in Chinese: Society and Culture
    • At least one 4-credit language course must be taken on campus.

Participation in an overseas program in China is highly recommended. No more than two courses applied toward the minor may be used to complete requirements for another major or minor.

Japanese Minor

A minimum of 20 semester credits (five courses) beyond JAPN 202 Intermediate Japanese II, distributed as follows:

  • JAPN 230 Introduction to Japanese Literature in Translation or JAPN 290 Topics in Japanese Literature in Translation

  • A minimum of 16 credits from the following on-campus courses or approved equivalents from an overseas program:

    JAPN 251Japanese Conversation (if two conversation courses are taken)
    JAPN 252Japanese Conversation (if two conversation courses are taken)
    JAPN 310Readings and Composition in Japanese
    JAPN 320Readings and Composition in Japanese II
    JAPN 410Advanced Readings in Japanese: Society and Culture
    JAPN 420Advanced Readings in Japanese: Fiction and Nonfiction
    • At least one 4-credit language course must be taken on campus.

Participation in an overseas program in Japan is highly recommended. No more than two courses applied toward the minor may be used to complete requirements for another major or minor.

Russian Minor

A minimum of 20 semester credits (five courses) beyond RUSS 202 Intermediate Russian II, distributed as follows:

  • RUSS 230 Introduction to Russian Literature in Translation or RUSS 290 Topics in Russian Literature and Culture in Translation

  • A minimum of 16 credits from the following on-campus courses or approved equivalents from an overseas program:

    RUSS 251Russian Conversation (if two conversation courses are taken)
    RUSS 252Russian Conversation (if two conversation courses are taken)
    RUSS 330Readings and Conversation in Russian
    RUSS 351Russian Composition and Conversation
    RUSS 420Advanced Readings in Russian: Fiction and Nonfiction
    • At least one 4-credit upper-level language course must be taken on campus.

Participation in an overseas program in Russia is highly recommended. No more than two courses applied toward the minor may be used to complete requirements for another major or minor.

Overseas Study

All majors are required to participate in one of Lewis & Clark's international programs. Minors, while not required to study overseas, are encouraged to do so. Overseas study is the most effective way for students to improve their language skills and experience the culture they are studying.

During their time overseas, students may choose courses from a wider variety of disciplines than are available in their language of study on campus, including the humanities, the arts, the social sciences, and the sciences. With departmental approval, overseas courses taught in the target language beyond the 202 level may be applied to the major or minor. In this way, our overseas study requirement enhances the liberal arts mission of the college by offering our majors and minors the opportunity to explore diverse disciplines from within their language of study.

Chinese

The following programs fulfill the overseas requirement for the Asian studies major and the world languages major with Chinese as the primary language. All programs are highly recommended for the Chinese minor.

  • Language-intensive fall semester in Beijing, China. May extend stay to a full year. Prerequisite and/or restriction: CHIN 202 Intermediate Chinese II or the equivalent.

  • Language-intensive fall semester in Harbin, China. May extend stay to a full year. Prerequisite and/or restriction: CHIN 320 Advanced Readings in Chinese or the equivalent.

  • General culture fall semester in Beijing, China. May extend study through a language-intensive spring semester program. Prerequisite and/or restriction: CHIN 102 Beginning Chinese II or the equivalent.

  • General culture fall semester in Chengdu, China. May extend study through a language-intensive spring semester program. Prerequisite and/or restriction: CHIN 102 Beginning Chinese II or the equivalent.

French

French studies majors are required to spend at least one semester in one of the following programs. A full year of study is strongly recommended. These programs are also open to nonmajors.

  • Fall and/or spring semester at the University of Strasbourg, France, or at IES Abroad in Paris, France. Prerequisites for majors: junior standing, completion of FREN 202 Intermediate French II: Reading in Cultural Context, and a GPA of 3.000 in French courses. Prerequisites for nonmajors: FREN 202 Intermediate French II: Reading in Cultural Context and a GPA of 3.000 in French courses.

  • Spring semester at the University of Dakar, Senegal. Prerequisites for majors: junior standing, completion of FREN 321 Introduction to French Literary Studies, and a GPA of 3.000 in French courses. Prerequisites for nonmajors: junior standing, FREN 202 Intermediate French II: Reading in Cultural Context, and a GPA of 3.000 in French courses.

German

The annual full-year academic program in Munich is open to German majors and nonmajors. It is affiliated with the University of Munich, where students may take courses in many fields. Prerequisite and/or restriction: GERM 202 Intermediate German II and a GPA of 3.000 in German courses.

Japanese

The following programs satisfy the overseas study requirement for the Asian studies major and the world languages major with Japanese as the primary language. The Kansai Gaidai and Waseda programs are recommended for students pursuing these majors. All four programs are highly recommended for Japanese minors.

  • Fall and/or spring semester at Kansai Gaidai in Osaka, Japan. Prerequisite and/or restriction: JAPN 102 Beginning Japanese II and an overall GPA of 3.000.

  • Fall and/or spring semester at Osaka Gakuin in Osaka, Japan. Prerequisite and/or restriction: JAPN 102 Beginning Japanese II and an overall GPA of 3.000. Language intensive.

  • Full year at Waseda University in Tokyo, Japan. In cooperation with Waseda, Lewis & Clark offers advanced students a full year of Japanese language study. Prerequisite and/or restriction: JAPN 310 Readings and Composition in Japanese and a GPA of 3.000 in language study.

  • Fall and/or spring semester at Hokusei Gakuen University in Sapporo, Japan. Prerequisite and/or restriction: JAPN 102 Beginning Japanese II.

Russian

The following programs are available:

  • Fall and/or spring semester language-intensive program in St. Petersburg or Vladivostok, Russia. Suitable for world languages majors with Russian as the primary language, as well as Russian minors and nonmajors. Prerequisite and/or restriction: two years of college Russian and a GPA of 3.000 in Russian courses.

  • Fall or spring semester area study program in St. Petersburg, Russia. Suitable for Russian minors and nonmajors. Prerequisite and/or restriction: RUSS 102 Beginning Russian II and a GPA of 3.000 in Russian courses.

Spanish

Hispanic studies majors and world languages majors with Spanish as the primary language are required to participate in at least a one-semester program in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic; Santiago or Valparaiso, Chile; or Alicante, Spain. These programs require a GPA of 3.000 in Spanish courses. The department recommends that Hispanic studies majors spend a full year in one of these programs or combine a semester in one program with a semester at another site. All programs are also open to world languages majors and nonmajors.

  • Biennial spring semester program in Seville, Spain. Prerequisite and/or restriction: SPAN 201 Intermediate Spanish I. Suitable for world languages majors with Spanish as the secondary language and nonmajors. Not suitable for Hispanic studies majors and foreign languages majors with Spanish as the primary language, except as a second Spanish overseas program.

  • Fall and/or spring semester program in Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic. Prerequisite and/or restriction: SPAN 202 Intermediate Spanish II. Suitable for world languages majors with Spanish as the secondary language and nonmajors. Not suitable for Hispanic studies majors and foreign languages majors with Spanish as the primary language, except as a second Spanish overseas program.

  • Fall and/or spring program in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Prerequisite and/or restriction: SPAN 321 Introduction to Literary Studies or prior participation in the Santiago de los Caballeros. Suitable for all students.

  • Fall and/or spring program in Santiago, Chile, and/or in Valparaiso, Chile. Prerequisite and/or restriction: SPAN 321 Introduction to Literary Studies or prior participation in the Santiago de los Caballeros. Suitable for all students.

  • Fall and/or spring program in Alicante, Spain. Prerequisite and/or restriction: SPAN 321 Introduction to Literary Studies or prior participation in the Santiago de los Caballeros. Suitable for all students.

Honors

The department invites outstanding students to submit proposals for an honors project to be defined in consultation with department faculty. Students must have a GPA of 3.500 or higher in the major and overall. The program entails an independent-study research project culminating in a paper. Students must begin their projects no later than the first semester of their senior year and present them to the department by the end of the final semester. While writing their honors projects, students must be enrolled in 490 Honors Thesis for a total of 4 semester credits, credit-no credit. Credit earned for the honors project is in addition to the courses required for the major.

Faculty

Katharina Altpeter-Jones. Associate professor of German. German, medieval and early modern German literature, women writers. PhD 2003 Duke University. MA 1995 Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universität, Würzburg, Germany.

Vanesa Arozamena. Visiting assistant professor of Spanish. Spanish language and literature. PhD 2010, MA 2005 University of Minnesota. BA 2001 Universidad de Deusto.

Therese Augst. Associate professor of German. German, German literature and culture of the 18th through 20th centuries, intellectual history, critical theory. PhD 1997, MA 1992 University of California at Santa Barbara. BA 1989 University of California at Davis.

Cecilia I. Benenati. Instructor in Spanish. Spanish language. MA 1987 Universidad Nacional de Cuyo.

Philippe Brand. Assistant professor of French. French, 19th-, 20th-, and 21st-century French and Francophone literature and culture. PhD 2011, MA 2006, BA 1998 University of Colorado at Boulder.

Adelaide Byrum. Instructor in Arabic. Arabic language. MA 2013 University of Michigan. BA 2009 Georgetown University.

Keith Dede. Professor of Chinese. Chinese language and linguistics. PhD 1999, MA 1993, BA 1988 University of Washington.

Isabelle DeMarte. Associate professor of French. French, 17th- and 18th-century French literature. PhD 1999, MA 1993 Michigan State University. MA 1992 Université Blaise Pascal. BA 1990 Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle.

Satomi Hayashi. Instructor in Japanese. MA 2012 Portland State University. BA 2007 Kansai Gaidai University.

Maria Hristova. Assistant professor of Russian. 20th- and 21st-century Russian and Balkan literatures; 19th-century Russian intellectual history; Central Asian cultures. PhD 2015, MPhil 2012 Yale University. BA Vassar College.

Gordon Kelly. Associate professor with term of humanities, director of the Classics Program. Latin and Greek language and literature, Roman and Greek history. PhD 1999, MA 1993 Bryn Mawr College, BA 1991 Rutgers University, BA 1985 Villanova University.

Atsuko Kurogi. Instructor in Japanese. Japanese. EdD 1998, MA 1990 Portland State University. BA 1982 Notre Dame Seishi University.

Meiru Liu. Instructor in Chinese. Chinese language. PhD 1996, MA 1991 Portland State University. MA 1987 Beijing Foreign Studies University. BA 1980 Tianjin Normal University.

Megan McDonald. Instructor in Spanish. Spanish language. MA 1994, BA 1992 University of Oregon.

S. Hugo Moreno. Visiting assistant professor of Spanish. Spanish language and literature. PhD 2001, MA 1997, Cornell University. MS 1993, University of Wisconsin-Madison. MA 1992 University of Texas at El Paso. BS 1985 Texas A&M University.

Claudia Nadine. Associate professor with term of French. 19th-century French literature. PhD 1994, MA 1987, BA 1984, BS 1983 University of California at Irvine. AA 1980 Stephens College.

Cristina Niculescu. Visiting instructor in Spanish. MA 2011 Portland State University. BA 2003 University of Arizona.

Tatiana Osipovich. Associate professor emerita of Russian. Russian literature, language, culture. PhD University of Pittsburgh.

Rebecca Pyatkevich. Visiting assistant professor of Russian. PhD 2010, MPhil 2005, MA 2002 Columbia University. BA 2000 Dartmouth College.

Magalí Rabasa. Assistant professor of Hispanic studies. Latin American literature and culture, social movements and resistance. PhD 2014 University of California, Davis. BA 2004 University of Oregon.

Matthieu P. Raillard. Associate professor of Hispanic studies. Hispanic studies, 18th- and 19th-century Peninsular Spanish literature. PhD 2004, MA 2000 University of Virginia. BA 1998 Colgate University.

Molly Robinson Kelly. Associate professor of French, chair of the Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures. French, medieval literature, place and literature, Albert Cohen. PhD 2000, MA 1996 Princeton University. MA 1994, BA 1992 Université Catholique de Louvain.

Catherine Sprecher Loverti. Visiting Assistant Professor of German. PhD 2008 University of Chicago. MA 2000 University of Zürich.

Natalie Stamper. Instructor in French. French. MA 1999, BA 1996 University of Nebraska.

Bruce Suttmeier. Interim dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, associate professor of Japanese. Japanese language, contemporary Japanese literature. PhD 2002, AM 1994 Stanford University. BS 1991 University of Rochester.

Marie-Eve Thifault. Instructor in French. French. MA 2003 San Diego State University. BA 1999 Université du Québec à Montréal. DSC 1995 Édouard-Montpetit College.

Juan Carlos Toledano Redondo. Professor of Hispanic studies. Hispanic studies, 19th- and 20th-century Spanish American literature, Hispanic-Caribbean literature. PhD 2002 University of Miami. BA 1996 Universidad de Granada.

Freddy O. Vilches. Associate professor of Hispanic studies, director of the Latin American Studies Program. Hispanic studies, contemporary Spanish American literature, poetry, and song, Latin American cultural studies. PhD 2006, MA 1993, BA 1991 University of Oregon.

Linguistics Courses

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WLL 240 Introduction to Linguistics

Faculty: Dede
Content: An introduction to the scientific study of language. Explores the methodology linguists use to investigate language, as well as the ways in which language study interacts with other disciplines. The structures underlying individual languages, language families, and human language generally. The degree to which language is shaped by the society in which it is used, how it changes over time, and its complex relationship to the human brain. Readings and firsthand investigation.
Prerequisites: The completion of one language other than English through the 201 level.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

Arabic Courses

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ARB 101 Beginning Arabic I

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Introduction to Modern Standard Arabic. Emphasis on reading and writing, pronunciation, comprehension of basic texts, vocabulary, basic grammar and syntax, and media to facilitate the learning of simple communication in common spoken Arabic.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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ARB 102 Beginning Arabic II

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Continued introduction to Modern Standard Arabic. Emphasis on reading and writing, pronunciation, comprehension of basic texts, vocabulary, basic grammar and syntax, and media to facilitate further learning of simple communication in common spoken Arabic.
Prerequisites: ARB 101.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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ARB 201 Intermediate Arabic I

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Continued development of language skills in Modern Standard Arabic. Emphasis on acquiring the more complex vocabulary and grammar to achieve proficiency in reading, writing, and speaking on topics related to daily life. Basic introduction to Arabic-speaking cultures.
Prerequisites: ARB 102 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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ARB 202 Intermediate Arabic II

Faculty: Byrum
Content: Continued development of reading, writing, and speaking skills in Modern Standard Arabic. Listening and speaking skills in either Levantine or Egyptian dialect will also be introduced. Emphasis on expanding knowledge of more complex grammar and syntax in Modern Standard Arabic. Ongoing learning about Arab cultures in the context of language learning through the use of texts and multimedia materials.
Prerequisites: ARB 201.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

Chinese Courses

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CHIN 101 Beginning Chinese I

Faculty: Dede, World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Introduction to basic structures of Standard Chinese with the goal of developing an elementary ability to converse, read, and write on topics of daily life. Emphasis on developing communicative competence. Reading and writing Chinese (approximately 200 characters). Contemporary culture introduced in the context of language learning.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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CHIN 102 Beginning Chinese II

Faculty: Dede, World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Continued introduction to basic structures of Standard Chinese and development of elementary ability to converse, read, and write on topics of daily life. Continued emphasis on communicative competence, with expanding written communicative component (approximately 250 Chinese characters). More contemporary culture introduced in the context of language learning.
Prerequisites: CHIN 101 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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CHIN 201 Intermediate Chinese I

Faculty: Dede, Liu
Content: Continuing development of ability to converse, read, and write on topics of daily life and general concern in Standard Chinese. Addition of 200 characters.
Prerequisites: CHIN 102 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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CHIN 202 Intermediate Chinese II

Faculty: Dede, Liu
Content: Continuing development of ability to converse, read, and write on topics of daily life and general concern in Standard Chinese. Addition of 300 characters. Introduction to reading characters in their traditional forms. Basic expository writing.
Prerequisites: CHIN 201 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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CHIN 230 Introduction to Chinese Literature in Translation

Faculty: Dede
Content: Introduction to themes in the Chinese literary tradition. English translations of poetry, prose, fiction, drama from the 11th century B.C.E. to the 20th century, with emphasis on premodern Chinese literature. Lectures, discussions, student essays, and supplementary background readings on literary, cultural, historical, philosophical, religious, and social background of Chinese literary works studied. The CHIN 230 and CHIN 231 options may not be taken simultaneously. Taught in English; no background in Chinese language or literature required. With consent of instructor, may be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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CHIN 231 Introduction to Chinese Literature in Translation

Faculty: Dede
Content: Intended for East Asian studies majors with a concentration in fine arts, literature, and languages. Successful completion of the course satisfies the methodology requirement. Students enrolled in CHIN 231 will complete all work assigned for CHIN 230 and, in addition, will complete extra readings and assignments on the theories and methodologies for literary and cultural analysis. Must be taken prior to enrolling in EAS 400. CHIN 230 and CHIN 231 cannot be taken simultaneously. CHIN 231 cannot be repeated for credit. Taught in English.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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CHIN 244 Chinese Practicum

Faculty: Dede
Content: Practicum to be determined in consultation with faculty member. Credit-no credit. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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CHIN 251 Chinese Conversation

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Vocabulary and idioms in spoken Chinese. Improving pronunciation and correcting grammar to increase students' mastery of spoken Chinese, encourage self-confidence in using the language, and enable students to function in a Chinese environment. CHIN 251 and CHIN 252 may each be taken twice for credit or taken in sequence for a maximum of 4 credits, credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: CHIN 201.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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CHIN 252 Chinese Conversation

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Vocabulary and idioms in spoken Chinese. Improving pronunciation and correcting grammar to increase students' mastery of spoken Chinese, encourage self-confidence in using the language, and enable students to function in a Chinese environment. CHIN 251 and CHIN 252 may each be taken twice for credit or taken in sequence for a maximum of 4 credits. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: CHIN 201.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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CHIN 290 Topics in Chinese Literature in Translation

Faculty: Dede
Content: English translations focusing on literary genre (poetry, prose, fiction, drama), period (ancient, medieval, modern, contemporary), and/or theme (mythology, the supernatural, Taoist writings, secular rituals, race and gender). Lectures, discussions, student essays, and background readings on literary, cultural, historical, philosophical, religious, and social background of works studied. Topics vary from year to year. The CHIN 290 and CHIN 291 options may not be taken simultaneously. Taught in English; no background in Chinese language or literature required. With consent of instructor, may be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: None. CHIN 230 or CHIN 231 recommended.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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CHIN 291 Topics in Chinese Literature in Translation

Faculty: Dede
Content: Intended for East Asian studies majors with a concentration in fine arts, literature, and languages. Successful completion of the course satisfies the methodology requirement. Students enrolled in CHIN 291 will complete all work assigned for CHIN 290 and, in addition, will complete extra readings and assignments on the theories and methodologies for literary and cultural analysis. Must be taken prior to enrolling in EAS 400. CHIN 290 and CHIN 291 cannot be taken simultaneously. CHIN 291 cannot be repeated for credit. Taught in English.
Prerequisites: None. CHIN 230 or CHIN 231 recommended.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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CHIN 299 Chinese Independent Study

Faculty: Dede, Liu
Content: Independent study of language, literature, or culture. Students design the course-including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit-in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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CHIN 310 Readings and Composition in Chinese

Faculty: Dede, Liu
Content: Oral expression, listening comprehension, reading, and writing. Expository and creative writing, syntax, idiomatic usage emphasized to promote fluency. Review and consolidation of grammar and Chinese characters from previous years, expansion of structural and idiomatic command. Increased use of Chinese dictionaries. Reading and writing in both regular and simplified characters. Short oral presentations, compositions, other exercises to build toward mastery of speaking, reading, writing. Short prose works, fiction, drama, poetry, print and video media. With consent of instructor, may be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: CHIN 202.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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CHIN 320 Advanced Readings in Chinese

Faculty: Dede, Liu
Content: Advanced language study based on readings and films about China on topics of cultural interest such as modes of thought, history, contemporary culture, current social issues. Substantial expansion of ability to read characters while maintaining written command through frequent writing exercises. Reading and writing in both regular and simplified characters. Topics vary from year to year. With consent of instructor, may be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: CHIN 202. CHIN 310 recommended.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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CHIN 410 Advanced Readings in Chinese: Society and Culture

Faculty: Dede, Liu
Content: A continuation of advanced language study focusing on unedited Chinese texts and the tools necessary for understanding them. Readings from a variety of genres, including belles lettres, academic essays, newspapers. Includes an introduction to library and online resources commonly used for the study of Chinese texts. Students write critical essays on their readings. Content varies from year to year. With consent of instructor, may be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: CHIN 320.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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CHIN 444 Chinese Practicum

Faculty: Dede, Liu
Content: Advanced Chinese language students lead beginning and intermediate students in conversation groups and in discussions of Chinese culture. Credit-no credit. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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CHIN 490 Chinese Honors Thesis

Faculty: Dede
Content: Independent research project suitable for granting departmental honors. Details determined by student in conference with supervising faculty member. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Senior standing and consent of instructor and department required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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CHIN 499 Chinese Independent Study

Faculty: Dede, Liu
Content: Independent study of language, literature, or culture. Students design the course - including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit - in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall, spring, and summer.
Semester credits: 1-4.

French Courses

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FREN 101 Beginning French I

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Introduction to basic vocabulary and structural patterns of the French language. Emphasis on developing speaking and writing skills. Practical conversations dealing with all aspects of traditional French and Francophone culture.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 102 Beginning French II

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Continued study of the basic vocabulary and structural patterns of the French language. Further development of oral skills, with increased emphasis on writing practice. Practical conversations dealing with all aspects of traditional French and Francophone culture.
Prerequisites: FREN 101 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 201 Intermediate French I

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Strengthening language skill foundation. Solid grammar review and vocabulary expansion. Emphasis on oral and written proficiency. Short compositions and group presentations based on selected literary and cultural readings, as well as audio and video materials.
Prerequisites: FREN 102 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 202 Intermediate French II: Reading in Cultural Context

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Builds reading, writing, and speaking skills while broadening cultural background through a wide variety of texts and multimedia materials in French. Emphasis on gaining familiarity with the texts and contexts of French and Francophone culture while improving mastery of spoken and written French.
Prerequisites: FREN 201 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 230 French Literature in Translation

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly, Nadine
Content: Translations of selected outstanding works of French and Francophone literature including novels, short stories, plays, and poetry. Lectures, discussions, student essays, supplementary readings on literary, cultural, historical, philosophical, religious, and social background of works studied. Taught in English; no background in French or French literature required. May be taken twice for credit with change of topic.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 244 French Practicum

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly
Content: Possible practica include the following: 1) Independent work dealing with a French/Francophone project under faculty supervision. 2) Advanced students leading beginning French discussion groups. Credit-no credit. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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FREN 261 Conversational French

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Development of speaking and listening skills. Topics of conversation and sources of new vocabulary, idiomatic expressions from multimedia materials. FREN 261 and FREN 262 may each be taken twice for credit or taken in sequence for a maximum of 4 credits. Credit-No Credit.
Prerequisites: FREN 202.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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FREN 262 Conversational French

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Development of speaking and listening skills. Topics of conversation and sources of new vocabulary, idiomatic expressions from multimedia materials. FREN 261 and FREN 262 may each be taken twice for credit or taken in sequence for a maximum of 4 credits. Credit-No credit.
Prerequisites: FREN 202.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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FREN 299 French Independent Study

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly
Content: Independent study of language, literature, or culture. Students design the course - including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit - in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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FREN 301 French Composition and Conversation

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly
Content: Oral expression, idiomatic usage, and creative writing with advanced grammar review. Readings, discussions, and compositions based on selections from French culture and literature. Emphasis on developing proficiency in spoken and written French. Group discussions, individual projects, midterm, final.
Prerequisites: FREN 202 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 321 Introduction to French Literary Studies

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly
Content: Advanced study of French syntax and stylistics based on readings from contemporary French and Francophone literature and culture. Expository and creative oral and written expression; conceptualization in the language and introduction to techniques of literary analysis (explication de texte). Group discussions, individual projects, midterm, final.
Prerequisites: FREN 301.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 330 Francophone Literature

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly
Content: Major works by Francophone writers outside of France (Africa, Canada, Caribbean). Focus on sociocultural issues as expressed in literature. Class discussion, short papers, oral presentations, midterm, final.
Prerequisites: FREN 321 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 340 French Literature and Society

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly
Content: In-depth study of representative works of French poetry, short fiction, or drama from a particular historical period. Focus on a specific genre and/or theme. An examination of how literature provides aesthetic responses to political and sociocultural issues through innovative strategies of narration and interconnections between literature and the arts. Class discussion, oral presentations, short response papers, research paper. May be repeated once for credit, with change of topic.
Prerequisites: FREN 321 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 350 Topics in French and Francophone Literature

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly
Content: Special topic pertaining to prominent issues of French and/or Francophone literature. Topic will vary and may include the study of a genre, literary movement, historical period, or theme. Possible topics include medieval romance, the lives of saints, the Renaissance, epistolarity, theatre, gender studies, traditional oral literature, existentialism, film studies. Linguistic and literary proficiency practiced through extensive oral and written work. May be taken twice for credit with change of topic.
Prerequisites: FREN 321 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 410 Major Periods in French Literature

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly
Content: Major trends in French literature from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. Emphasis on stylistics and fine points of idiomatic usage. Further development of techniques of literary analysis. Class discussion, oral presentations, short papers, research paper.
Prerequisites: FREN 321.
Restrictions: Senior standing required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 444 French Practicum

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly
Content: Possible practica include the following: 1) Independent research dealing with a French/Francophone project under faculty supervision. 2) Participation in a theatre workshop that culminates in mounting a French play for the campus community. 3) Internship at a local French-immersion school. Credit-no credit. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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FREN 450 Special Topics

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly
Content: Special topics or issues of French/Francophone literature and culture. Emphasis on stylistics, fine points of idiomatic usage and academic writing. Extensive oral and written work culminating in a research paper written and presented in French.
Prerequisites: FREN 321.
Restrictions: Senior standing required.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 490 French Honors Thesis

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly
Content: Independent research project suitable for granting departmental honors. Details determined by student in conference with supervising faculty member. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Senior standing, consent of instructor and department required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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FREN 499 French Independent Study

Faculty: Brand, DeMarte, Robinson Kelly
Content: Independent study of language, literature, or culture. Students design the course - including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit - in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

German Courses

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GERM 101 Beginning German I

Faculty: Altpeter-Jones
Content: Fundamentals of German language and culture through speaking, listening, reading, writing. Basic vocabulary and grammatical structures of German practiced orally and in writing. Large- and small-group activities. Interactive computer exercises for individual student practice. Oral projects. Web-based activities.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 102 Beginning German II

Faculty: Altpeter-Jones
Content: Continued study of German language and culture through speaking, listening, reading, writing. Basic vocabulary and grammatical structures of German practiced orally and in writing. Large- and small-group activities. Viewing and discussion of short films to develop conversational skills and understanding of German culture. Interactive computer exercises for individual student practice. Oral projects. Web-based activities.
Prerequisites: GERM 101 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 201 Intermediate German I

Faculty: Augst
Content: Strengthening of language skills and solid grammar review. Reading of short prose to develop reading skills and expand vocabulary. Viewing and discussion of films to improve listening comprehension and speaking ability and to increase cultural understanding. Compositions based on the films provide grammar and vocabulary practice.
Prerequisites: GERM 102 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 202 Intermediate German II

Faculty: Augst
Content: Continued strengthening of language skills and solid grammar review. Reading of short prose to develop reading skills and expand vocabulary. Viewing and discussion of films to improve listening comprehension and speaking ability and to increase cultural understanding. Compositions based on the films provide grammar and vocabulary practice.
Prerequisites: GERM 201 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 230 German Literature in Translation

Faculty: Altpeter-Jones, Augst
Content: Introduction to major writers and texts of German literature. Topics vary from year to year and have included Femininities and Masculinities in German Literature, Deconstructing the German Fairy Tale, Topics of Migration and Integration in Contemporary German Culture, and German Film. Taught in English: No background in German language or literature required. May be taken twice for credit with change of topic.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 244 German Practicum

Faculty: Altpeter-Jones, Augst
Content: Advanced language students lead beginning German students in weekly discussions of German instructional films. Credit-no credit. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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GERM 251 German Conversation

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Development of speaking and listening proficiency through analytical and creative activities such as discussions, presentations, skits, interactive games. Newspapers, magazines, and contemporary films provide sources for topics of conversation. Practice of vocabulary, idioms, and patterns of language. GERM 251 and GERM 252 may each be taken twice for credit or taken in sequence for a maximum of 4 credits. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: GERM 201.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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GERM 252 German Conversation

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Development of speaking and listening proficiency through analytical and creative activities such as discussions, presentations, skits, interactive games. Newspapers, magazines, and contemporary films provide sources for topics of conversation. Practice of vocabulary, idioms, and patterns of language. GERM 251 and GERM 252 may each be taken twice for credit or taken in sequence for a maximum of 4 credits. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: GERM 201.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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GERM 299 German Independent Study

Faculty: Altpeter-Jones, Augst
Content: Independent study of language, literature, or culture. Students design the course-including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit-in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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GERM 301 German Composition and Conversation

Faculty: Altpeter-Jones, Augst
Content: Oral expression and creative and expository writing with grammar review and practice of new grammatical material and idiomatic usage. Readings, discussions, and compositions based on selections from German literature and culture. Emphasis on developing proficiency in spoken and written German with correct syntax and style.
Prerequisites: GERM 202 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 321 Introduction to Literary Studies

Faculty: Altpeter-Jones, Augst
Content: Expository and creative writing with compositions, critical readings, and discussions based on selections from 20th-century German literature and culture. Advanced grammar, stylistics, and idiomatic usage studied in the context of reading and writing. Proficiency-based oral presentations, compositions, exams, projects.
Prerequisites: GERM 301.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 350 Topics in German Literature and Culture

Faculty: Altpeter-Jones, Augst
Content: Exploration of prominent issues in the literature and culture of German-speaking countries. Topics will vary and may include the study of a genre, literary movement, historical period, or theme: fairy tale, film, Romanticism, literature of the 21st century, Austrian and Swiss literature and culture, and Migrantenliteratur. Focus on linguistic, literary, and cultural proficiency through extensive oral and written work and final examination.
Prerequisites: GERM 321 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 410 Major Periods in German Literature From the Beginning to Enlightenment

Faculty: Altpeter-Jones
Content: Introduction to the literature and culture of the early Middle Ages, the courtly period of the 12th century, the later Middle Ages, the Reformation, and the baroque period. Close reading of texts and development of writing and speaking proficiency, culminating in a research paper written and presented in German.
Prerequisites: GERM 321.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 411 Major Periods of German Literature From the Enlightenment to the Present

Faculty: Rischer (Munich)
Content: The major literary periods of German literature from the Enlightenment to the present through theatre. Students read and discuss plays by writers such as Lessing, Goethe, Schiller, and Brecht in their social and literary contexts, and then see the plays performed onstage. Close reading of texts and development of writing and speaking proficiency, culminating in a critique of a play. Offered on Munich overseas program.
Prerequisites: GERM 202 or equivalent.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and acceptance into Munich overseas program.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 422 German Culture and Civilization (Landeskunde)

Faculty: Haas (Munich)
Content: German history, society, arts, and politics, with particular emphasis on the process and consequences of German unification and Germany's role in the European Union. Students also learn about Munich, a major German city and the capital of Bavaria, by performing interviews in schools, political institutions, arts organizations, and social-service agencies. Oral and written reports. Offered on Munich overseas program.
Prerequisites: GERM 202 or equivalent.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and acceptance into Munich overseas program.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 444 German Practicum

Faculty: Augst
Content: Advanced language students lead intermediate German students in weekly discussions of German instructional films. Credit-no credit. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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GERM 450 Special Topics In German

Faculty: Augst
Content: Special topics pertaining to prominent issues of German literature and culture. Explores primary texts in the context of current critical discourses. Topic varies. Recent topics include Modernism and the City: Vienna, Paris, Berlin. Proficiency practiced through extensive oral and written work culminating in a research paper written and formally presented in German. May be taken twice for credit with change of topic.
Prerequisites: GERM 321.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 490 German Honors Thesis

Faculty: Altpeter-Jones, Augst
Content: Independent research project suitable for granting departmental honors. Details determined by student in conference with supervising faculty member. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Senior standing, consent of instructor and department required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GERM 499 German Independent Study

Faculty: Altpeter-Jones, Augst
Content: Independent study of the language, literature, or culture. Students design the course-including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit-in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

Greek Courses

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GRK 101 Classical Greek I

Faculty: Kelly, Kugler
Content: Beginning Classical Greek. Emphasis on basic vocabulary and grammar necessary to read Classical texts and writings from the Hellenistic period. Conversational and modern Greek not covered. May be used toward the foreign languages requirement.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GRK 102 Classical Greek II

Faculty: Kelly, Kugler
Content: Beginning Classical Greek. Emphasis on basic vocabulary and grammar necessary to read Classical texts and writings from the Hellenistic period. Conversational and modern Greek not covered. May be used toward the foreign languages requirement.
Prerequisites: GRK 101 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GRK 201 Readings in Hellenistic and Classical Greek

Faculty: Kugler
Content: Readings in the religious and secular literature of the Hellenistic and Classical periods. May be used to fulfill the foreign language requirement.
Prerequisites: GRK 102.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GRK 202 Advanced Readings in Classical Greek

Faculty: Kelly, Kugler
Content: Advanced readings in the religious and secular literature of the Classical periods.
Prerequisites: Greek 201.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GRK 299 Greek Independent Study

Faculty: Kelly, Kugler
Content: Independent study of language and literature. Focus on reading and translating relevant ancient texts. Students design the course—including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit—in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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GRK 301 Advanced Greek: Tragedy and Epic

Faculty: Kugler, Kelly
Content: A fifth semester of Classical Greek for students who have completed through GRK 202 or achieved the corresponding level of competency. Focus is on tragedy and epic.
Prerequisites: GRK 202.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing required.
Usually offered: Every third year, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GRK 302 Advanced Greek: Poetry

Faculty: Kugler, Kelly
Content: A sixth semester of Classical Greek for students who have completed through GRK 202 or achieved the corresponding level of competency. Focus is on tragedy and epic.
Prerequisites: GRK 301.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing.
Usually offered: Every third year, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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GRK 499 Greek Independent Study

Faculty: Kelly, Kugler
Content: Independent study of language and literature. Focus on reading, translating, and commenting on relevant ancient texts. Students design the course—including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit—in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

Japanese Courses

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JAPN 101 Beginning Japanese I

Faculty: Suttmeier
Content: Introduction to and development of basic language skills with emphasis on overall communication proficiency. Vocabulary, sentence structure, aural comprehension. Ability to function in everyday-life situations in Japan. Contemporary Japanese culture introduced in context of language learning.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 102 Beginning Japanese II

Faculty: Kurogi, Suttmeier
Content: Continued introduction to and development of basic language skills with emphasis on overall communication proficiency. Vocabulary, sentence structure, aural comprehension. Ability to function in everyday-life situations in Japan. Contemporary Japanese culture introduced in context of language learning.
Prerequisites: JAPN 101 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 201 Intermediate Japanese I

Faculty: Kurogi
Content: Continuing work on basic language skills. Oral and written exercises, mastery of more complex sentence structures, expanding vocabulary. Contemporary Japanese culture introduced in context of language learning.
Prerequisites: JAPN 102 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 202 Intermediate Japanese II

Faculty: Kurogi
Content: Continuing work on basic language skills. Oral and written exercises, mastery of more complex sentence structures, expanding vocabulary. Contemporary Japanese culture introduced in context of language learning.
Prerequisites: JAPN 201 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 230 Introduction to Japanese Literature in Translation

Faculty: Suttmeier
Content: Themes central to Japanese literature. English translations of fiction from all periods, from Heian court texts to postmodern novels. Lectures, discussions, student essays, and supplementary background readings on broader social, cultural, and historical contexts of Japanese literature. The JAPN 230 and JAPN 231 options cannot be taken simultaneously. Taught in English; no background in Japanese language or literature required. May be taken twice for credit with a change of topic.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 231 Introduction to Japanese Literature in Translation

Faculty: Suttmeier
Content: Intended for East Asian studies majors with a concentration in fine arts, literature, and languages. Successful completion of the course satisfies the methodology requirement. Students enrolled in JAPN 231 will complete all work assigned for JAPN 230 and, in addition, will complete extra readings and assignments on the theories and methodologies for literary and cultural analysis. Must be taken prior to enrolling in EAS 400. JAPN 230 and JAPN 231 cannot be taken simultaneously. JAPN 231 cannot be repeated for credit. Taught in English.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 244 Japanese Practicum

Faculty: Suttmeier
Content: Practicum to be determined in consultation with faculty member. Credit-no credit. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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JAPN 251 Japanese Conversation

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Expansion of vocabulary and idioms, polishing pronunciation, and correcting faulty grammar through oral drills and exercises. Students improve their listening comprehension through audio and video materials and develop confidence in using the language through guided discussions based on brief readings, tapes, films, or assigned current topics. JAPN 251 and JAPN 252 may each be taken twice for credit or taken in sequence for a maximum of 4 credits. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: JAPN 201.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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JAPN 252 Japanese Conversation

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Expansion of vocabulary and idioms, polishing pronunciation, and correcting faulty grammar through oral drills and exercises. Students improve their listening comprehension through audio and video materials and develop confidence in using the language through guided discussions based on brief readings, tapes, films, or assigned current topics. JAPN 251 and JAPN 252 may each be taken twice for credit or taken in sequence for a maximum of 4 credits. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: JAPN 201.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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JAPN 290 Topics in Japanese Literature in Translation

Faculty: Suttmeier
Content: English translations focusing on literary genre (poetry, prose, fiction, drama), period (medieval, premodern, modern, contemporary), and/or theme (aesthetics, storytelling, nature, community, power, gender, sexuality). Lectures, discussions, student essays, and background readings on literary, cultural, historical, philosophical, religious, social background of works studied. Topics vary from year to year. The JAPN 290 and JAPN 291 options cannot be taken simultaneously. Taught in English; no background in Japanese language or literature required. With consent of instructor, may be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 291 Topics in Japanese Literature in Translation

Faculty: Suttmeier
Content: Intended for East Asian studies majors with a concentration in fine arts, literature, and languages. Satisfies the methodology requirement. Students enrolled in JAPN 291 complete all work assigned for JAPN 290, as well as extra readings and assignments on the theories and methodologies for literary and cultural analysis. Must be taken prior to enrolling in EAS 400. JAPN 290 and JAPN 291 cannot be taken simultaneously. JAPN 291 cannot be repeated for credit. Taught in English.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 299 Japanese Independent Study

Faculty: Suttmeier, World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Independent study of language, literature, or culture. Students design the course -- including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit -- in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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JAPN 310 Readings and Composition in Japanese

Faculty: Suttmeier, World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Oral expression, listening comprehension, reading, writing. Expository and creative writing, syntax, idiomatic usage emphasized to promote fluency. Review and consolidation of grammar and vocabulary learned in previous years, expansion of structural and idiomatic command. Readings in increasingly natural Japanese, including contemporary short stories and current newspaper and magazine articles. Short oral presentations, compositions, other exercises to build general language proficiency. With consent of instructor, may be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: JAPN 202.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 320 Readings and Composition in Japanese II

Faculty: Kurogi, Suttmeier
Content: Continued language study based on readings that address topics of cultural interest such as education, work, family, moral and intellectual values, history, popular culture, and current social issues. Emphasis on improving students' ability to read and write Japanese. Content varies from year to year. With consent of instructor, may be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: JAPN 202. JAPN 310 recommended.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 410 Advanced Readings in Japanese: Society and Culture

Faculty: Kurogi
Content: Advanced readings in Japanese to familiarize students with a range of written styles. Emphasis on vocabulary, reading, writing, new kanji. Excerpts from contemporary works, including newspaper and magazine articles, short stories, literary essays, as well as works analyzing Japanese society, culture, customs. Expository and creative writing exercises. Topics vary from year to year. With consent of instructor, may be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: JAPN 320.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 420 Advanced Readings in Japanese: Fiction and Nonfiction

Faculty: Suttmeier, World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Advanced readings in Japanese fiction and nonfiction to familiarize students with a range of literary styles. Excerpts from contemporary writers, which may include essays and short fiction from Kawabata, Murakami, Tanizaki, others. Emphasis on close reading, analytical writing, detailed discussion of the texts. Topics vary from year to year. With consent of instructor, may be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: JAPN 320 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 444 Japanese Practicum

Faculty: Suttmeier, World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Advanced Japanese language students lead beginning and intermediate students in conversation groups and in discussions of Japanese culture, including instructional films. Credit-no credit. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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JAPN 490 Japanese Honors Thesis

Faculty: Suttmeier
Content: Independent research project suitable for granting departmental honors. Details determined by student in conference with supervising faculty member. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Senior standing and consent of instructor and department required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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JAPN 499 Japanese Independent Study

Faculty: Suttmeier, World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Independent study of language, literature, or culture. Students design the course—including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit—in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

Latin Courses

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LATN 101 Beginning Latin I

Faculty: Kelly
Content: Emphasis on basic vocabulary and grammar necessary to read Latin texts of the Classical period.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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LATN 102 Beginning Latin II

Faculty: Kelly
Content: Emphasis on basic vocabulary and grammar necessary to read Latin texts of the Classical period.
Prerequisites: LATN 101 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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LATN 201 Intermediate Latin I

Faculty: Kelly
Content: Continued work on expanding basic vocabulary and understanding of grammar covered in LATN 101, LATN 102. Emphasis on reading Latin texts of the Classical period. May be used toward the foreign language requirement.
Prerequisites: LATN 102 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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LATN 202 Advanced Readings in Latin

Faculty: Kelly
Content: Readings in Advanced Latin. Emphasis on reading Latin texts of the Classical period.
Prerequisites: LATN 201.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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LATN 299 Latin Independent Study

Faculty: Kelly
Content: Independent study of language and literature. Focus on reading and translating relevant ancient texts. Students design the course—including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit—in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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LATN 499 Latin Independent Study

Faculty: Kelly
Content: Independent research dealing with the language and literature of the Latin speaking world. Students focus on reading, translating, and commenting on relevant ancient texts. They design the course in consultation with a faculty member as to title, content,means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

Russian Courses

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RUSS 101 Beginning Russian I

Faculty: Osipovich, Pyatkevich
Content: Fundamentals of Russian language through speaking, listening, reading, writing. Basic vocabulary and grammatical structures practiced orally and in writing. Correct pronunciation and usage in practical conversation and simple composition. Aspects of traditional and contemporary Russian culture and life.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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RUSS 102 Beginning Russian II

Faculty: Osipovich, Pyatkevich
Content: Fundamentals of Russian language through speaking, listening, reading, writing. Basic vocabulary and grammatical structures practiced orally and in writing. Correct pronunciation and usage in practical conversation and simple composition. Aspects of traditional and contemporary Russian culture and life.
Prerequisites: RUSS 101 or placement.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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RUSS 201 Intermediate Russian I

Faculty: Osipovich, Pyatkevich
Content: Active language skills and review and continuation of grammar. Short stories read and discussed. Writing of compositions using new vocabulary and structure. Traditional and contemporary Russian culture.
Prerequisites: RUSS 102 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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RUSS 202 Intermediate Russian II

Faculty: Osipovich, Pyatkevich
Content: Active language skills and review and continuation of grammar. Reading of short stories for class discussion and compositions to implement new vocabulary and structure. Traditional and contemporary Russian culture introduced in context of language learning.
Prerequisites: RUSS 201.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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RUSS 230 Introduction to Russian Literature in Translation

Faculty: Osipovich
Content: Introduction to themes central to Russian literature. English translations of literary works of various genres and from different periods. Lectures, discussions, student reader journals, essays, and term paper. Taught in English; no background in Russian language or literature required. May be taken twice for credit with a change of topic.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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RUSS 244 Russian Practicum

Faculty: Osipovich
Content: Advanced Russian students lead beginning Russian students in weekly discussion groups. Credit-no credit. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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RUSS 251 Russian Conversation

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Practice in spoken Russian on selected topics. Development of speaking and listening proficiency by expanding vocabulary and building conversational skill through such activities as discussions, short presentations, interactive games, and skits. Credit-no credit. May be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: RUSS 201.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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RUSS 252 Russian Conversation

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Practice in spoken Russian on selected topics. Improving proficiency by expanding vocabulary and employing idioms and correct grammar. Topics based on current events and student interest. May be taken twice for credit. Credit-no Credit.
Prerequisites: RUSS 201.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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RUSS 290 Topics in Russian Literature and Culture in Translation

Faculty: Osipovich, Pyatkevich
Content: Major aspects or periods of Russian literature and culture. Topics vary from year to year. Taught in English: No background in Russian language or literature required. Previous topics include twentieth-century literature and film, fairy tales, women in literature and culture, contemporary society and culture, Russian laughter in literature and film. With consent of instructor, may be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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RUSS 299 Russian Independent Study

Faculty: Osipovich
Content: Independent study of language, literature, or culture. Students design the course—including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit—in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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RUSS 330 Readings and Conversation in Russian

Faculty: Osipovich, Pyatkevich
Content: Development of reading and speaking skills at the postintermediate level. Introduction to the language of the Russian press. Learning reading techniques and strategies, expanding vocabulary, and improving ability to discuss social and cultural issues of contemporary society. Topics may include education, the arts, religion, crime, economy, ecology, gender roles, other social issues. May be taken twice for credit with change of topic.
Prerequisites: RUSS 202 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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RUSS 351 Russian Composition and Conversation

Faculty: Osipovich, Pyatkevich
Content: Development of oral and written communication skills through readings, video viewing, discussions, and compositions based on materials selected from Russian literature, culture, and cinema. Topics vary from year to year. Previous topics include contemporary Russian cinema, life in modern Russia, and Russian youth culture. Emphasis is on developing proficiency in spoken and written Russian with correct grammar, syntax, and style. May be taken twice for credit with change of topic.
Prerequisites: RUSS 202 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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RUSS 420 Advanced Readings in Russian: Fiction and Nonfiction

Faculty: Osipovich, Pyatkevich
Content: Advanced readings in Russian fiction and nonfiction to familiarize students with a range of literary and journalistic styles. Readings include short works by Russian authors and material from the contemporary mass media on Russian society and culture. Expansion of vocabulary and work on style and syntax in expository, critical, and creative writing exercises. Applied use of library and Russian Internet resources for research and translation projects. Content varies from year to year. May be taken twice for credit.
Prerequisites: RUSS 351.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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RUSS 444 Russian Practicum

Faculty: Osipovich, World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Independent work under faculty supervision on a project dealing with the Russian community. Advanced Russian language students may also lead beginning and intermediate students in discussions of Russian culture. Credit-no credit. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Consent of instructor and sophomore standing required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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RUSS 490 Russian Honors Thesis

Faculty: Osipovich
Content: Independent research project suitable for granting departmental honors. Details determined by student in conference with supervising faculty member. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Senior standing and instructor and department consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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RUSS 499 Russian Independent Study

Faculty: Osipovich
Content: Independent study of language, literature, or culture. Students design the course—including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit—in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

Spanish Courses

The Spanish Placement Exam is offered online at go.lclark.edu/spanish. During the summer, students may take the exam online, and during the academic year it may be taken as a proctored exam in the ILC on campus. The results of the Spanish Placement Exam are valid for one year. Questions about this process may be addressed to spt@lclark.edu.

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SPAN 101 Beginning Spanish I

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Basic vocabulary and structural patterns of Spanish. Present, past, and future tenses. Aspects of Hispanic culture. Practice in using the language: oral comprehension and development of skills in speaking, reading, and writing Spanish. Interactive learning center for individual student practice.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 102 Beginning Spanish II

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Continued study of basic vocabulary and structural patterns of Spanish. Present, past, and future tenses. Aspects of Hispanic culture. Practice in using the language: oral comprehension and development of skills in speaking, reading, and writing Spanish. Interactive learning center for individual student practice.
Prerequisites: SPAN 101 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 201 Intermediate Spanish I

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Study of grammar, vocabulary, culture, and civilization. All verb tenses and moods, including the subjunctive. Drills and activities to develop conversational skills. Short compositions and group presentations based on selected cultural readings. Interactive learning center for student practice.
Prerequisites: SPAN 102 or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 202 Intermediate Spanish II

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Continued study of grammar, vocabulary, culture, and civilization. All verb tenses and moods. Drills and activities to develop conversational skills. Short compositions and group presentations based on selected cultural readings. Interactive learning center for student practice.
Prerequisites: SPAN 201 or equivalent, or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 230 Hispanic Literature in Translation

Faculty: Raillard, Toledano, Vilches, Woodrich
Content: Major works of Latin American and Spanish literature. Topics vary from year to year. Taught in English; no background in Spanish language or Hispanic literature required. May be taken twice for credit with change of topic.
Prerequisites: None.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 251 Intermediate Conversational Spanish

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Development of speaking and listening skills. Topics of conversation and sources of new vocabulary, idiomatic expressions from multimedia materials. SPAN 251 and SPAN 252 may be taken twice for credit or taken in sequence for a maximum of 4 credits. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: SPAN 102.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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SPAN 252 Intermediate Conversational Spanish

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Development of speaking and listening skills. Topics of conversation and sources of new vocabulary, idiomatic expressions from multimedia materials. SPAN 251 and SPAN 252 may be taken twice for credit or taken in sequence for a maximum of 4 credits. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: SPAN 102.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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SPAN 260 Cultural Production of the Spanish-Speaking World

Faculty: Hispanic Studies Faculty
Content: Multidisciplinary approach to the cultural production of the Spanish-speaking world. Different members of the Spanish faculty will contribute according to their area of expertise, bringing together elements from Latin America, Spain, and the U.S. Students will approach these cultures through music, art, film, current events, and social justice.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing required.
Usually offered: Alternate Years, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 261 Advanced Conversational Spanish

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Development of advanced speaking and listening skills. Topics of conversation and sources of new vocabulary, idiomatic expressions from multimedia materials. SPAN 261 and SPAN 262 may be taken twice for credit or taken in sequence for a maximum of 4 credits. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: SPAN 301.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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SPAN 262 Advanced Conversational Spanish

Faculty: World Languages and Literatures Faculty
Content: Development of advanced speaking and listening skills. Topics of conversation and sources of new vocabulary, idiomatic expressions from multimedia materials. SPAN 261 and SPAN 262 may be taken twice for credit or taken in sequence for a maximum of 4 credits. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: SPAN 301.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 2.

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SPAN 299 Spanish Independent Study

Faculty: Raillard, Toledano, Vilches
Content: Independent study of language, literature, or culture. Students design the course—including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit—in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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SPAN 301 Spanish Composition and Conversation

Faculty: Raillard, Toledano, Vilches, Moreno
Content: Oral expression, idiomatic usage, creative and expository writing with advanced grammar review. Readings, discussions, and compositions based on selections from Hispanic culture and literature, magazines, videos, materials from the Internet. Emphasis on developing proficiency in spoken and written Spanish. Students may not receive credit for both SPAN 301 and 302.
Prerequisites: SPAN 202 or equivalent, or placement exam.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 302 Spanish Composition and Conversation for Heritage Speakers

Faculty: Arozamena, Raillard, Toledano, Vilches
Content: Intended primarily for Hispanic bilingual students, born or educated in the United States, who speak Spanish at home and want to improve their formal knowledge of the language, including written form. Lecture-style teaching with communicative group work and forum-style discussions; focus on a topic as prescribed by the course calendar. Exposure to different types of media in order to exemplify and contextualize different aspects of the Hispanic culture and language. Students may not receive credit for both SPAN 301 and 302. Students who meet the requirements for SPAN 301 (202 or placement) and consider themselves heritage speakers may enroll directly in the course.
Prerequisites: SPAN 202.
Restrictions: Heritage background.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 321 Introduction to Literary Studies

Faculty: Raillard, Toledano, Vilches
Content: Literary analysis and compositions based on selected readings from Spanish and Latin American literature. Advanced work in composition and explication of literary texts.
Prerequisites: SPAN 301 or equivalent.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 360 Latin America and Spain: Pre-Columbian to Baroque

Faculty: Raillard, Toledano, Vilches
Content: Introduction to major trends in Latin American and Spanish literature from their beginnings to the Baroque period. Selected works from Latin America and Spain read in the context of cultural and historical events.
Prerequisites: SPAN 321.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 370 Latin America and Spain: Enlightenment to the Present

Faculty: Raillard, Toledano, Vilches
Content: Introduction to major trends in Latin American and Spanish literature from the Enlightenment period to the present day. Selected works from Latin America and Spain read in the context of cultural and historical events.
Prerequisites: SPAN 321.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 440 Topics in Hispanic Literatures

Faculty: Raillard, Toledano, Vilches
Content: Study of a genre, a literary movement, or a topic in Hispanic literatures (Peninsular and/or Latin American, or U.S. Latino). Extensive oral and written work culminating in a research paper written in Spanish. May be taken twice for credit with a change of topic.
Prerequisites: SPAN 360 or SPAN 370.
Restrictions: Junior standing.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 444 Spanish Practicum

Faculty: Raillard, Toledano, Vilches, Woodrich
Content: Independent work under faculty supervision on a project dealing with the Hispanic community. Details of content, evaluation, title, and academic credit determined by student in consultation with faculty member. Credit-no credit. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.

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SPAN 446 Special Topics in Hispanic Literatures and Cultures

Faculty: Raillard, Toledano, Vilches, Woodrich
Content: Study of a genre, an author, a literary movement, or a topic in Hispanic literatures and cultures (Peninsular and/or Latin American, or U.S. Latino). Extensive oral and written work culminating in a research paper written in Spanish. May be taken twice for credit with change of topic.
Prerequisites: SPAN 360 or SPAN 370.
Restrictions: Junior standing.
Usually offered: Annually, fall semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 450 Special Topics in Spanish

Faculty: Raillard, Toledano, Vilches, Woodrich
Content: Special topics or issues of Hispanic literature and culture. Extensive oral and written work culminating in a research paper written in Spanish. May be taken twice for credit with change of topic.
Prerequisites: SPAN 360 or SPAN 370.
Restrictions: Junior standing.
Usually offered: Annually, spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 490 Spanish Honors Thesis

Faculty: Raillard, Toledano, Vilches, Woodrich
Content: Independent research project suitable for granting departmental honors. Details determined by student in conference with supervising faculty member. Credit-no credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Senior standing and consent of instructor and department required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 4.

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SPAN 499 Spanish Independent Study

Faculty: Raillard, Toledano, Vilches, Woodrich
Content: Independent study of language, literature, or culture. Students design the course—including title, content, means of evaluation, and amount of academic credit—in consultation with faculty member. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisites: None.
Restrictions: Sophomore standing and consent required.
Usually offered: Annually, fall and spring semester.
Semester credits: 1-4.